South East Asian Haze

Updated: Jul 15, 2021

Indonesia annually sees agriculture fires in Riau province in East Sumatra, South Sumatra, and parts of Kalimantan on Indonesian Borneo.(1) Corporations and farmers use the quick-and-easy method of clearing vegetation for palm oil, pulp and paper plantations, which usually cause these agriculture fires. (1) The fires often spread and are difficult to put out, creating a thick haze which pollutes the air. (1) The haze these fires create, spread to parts Malaysia, the whole of Singapore, the south of Thailand and the Philippines.1In 2002, all 10 South East Asian countries signed an agreement to combat the issue through greater monitoring and encouragement of sustainable development, but efforts have been limited.(1) Singapore in 2014 passed a set of laws that allow it to prosecute individuals and companies that contribute to the haze, and has begun taking legal action against several firms.1People have been boycotting the products of the companies said to be contributing to the haze. (1)

  1. What causes South East Asia's haze? (2015, October 26). Retrieved from

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